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This citation style was created in Vancouver in 1978 – hence the popular title “The Vancouver Style”. Since 2013 the official title has been ”Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals” (ICMJE Recommendations).

Other titles associated with Vancover are:

  • ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors)
  • Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (URM)
  • The NLM Style (National Library of Medicine)

The standard is primarily used when writing for Medicine.



Citation-sequence system.

In-text citation

1. Steihaug S, Lippestad JW, Werner A. Between ideals and reality in home-based rehabilitation. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2016;34(1):46-54.

For more examples go to the links above.